How can we help
Simple measures can help to relieve the symptoms of metatarsalgia. These include:
- Resting with your feet elevated when and where it’s possible.
- Wearing shoes that are well fitted, low-heeled, and with a wide toe area.
- Silicone toe props to raise the transverse arch.
- Orthotic inserts for your shoes may help to relieve pain in your foot by reducing the pressure placed on the heads of your metatarsal bones.
- Painkillers such as Tylenol may help relieve pain.
What causes it?
There are various causes of Metatarsalgia including:
- Ill fitting foot wear – high heeled or tight, restrictive shoes or boots. Shoes with a narrow toe box or high heels can force the ball of the foot into a small amount of space, which puts more pressure on that area.
- Being overweight – this can increase the pressure upon the foot.
- Age – older people are most susceptible to metatarsalgia as the fat pad that protects the foot can thin with age, making them more likely to feel pain in the ball of their foot.
- Bone structure of the foot – narrow, high arched feet or flat feet can increase the chance of metatatsalgia. Hammer toes (where the toes are bent at the middle joint) and a bunion (bony swelling at the base of the toe) can also bring it on.
- High impact sports – such as running or tennis, which puts extra pressure on the foot.
- Stress fracture in the foot – these occasionally occur in athletes or walkers and cause pain to come on rapidly.